What is a woman? A woman is a human adult who is considered a “woman.” According to Merriam-Webster, the Oxford English Dictionary and Cambridge Dictionary all define woman as a “human adult.” The term “woman” has been defined by all three dictionaries for hundreds of years, ever since people learned that men and women are biological sexes. However, the definition was different in ancient cultures, which assumed people were male or female based on their gender.
Throughout history, many countries have struggled for women’s rights, and the United Kingdom is no exception. In the 19th century, some countries gave women the vote, including Finland, the Netherlands, Canada, and Iceland. By the 20th century, many other nations followed Britain’s example and have now granted women the right to vote. But how did women actually get the vote? What was the main reason for the movement?
Despite legal protections against discrimination, many women still suffer from sexism in the workplace. The University of Chicago recently compiled an index of sexist attitudes in the United States. Researchers analyzed survey data to determine which states had the highest levels of sexism. Utah, for example, ranked second among all states in women’s sexism, while the men in that state ranked first.
Women’s underrepresentation in science
A recent Frontiers in Psychology special issue focused on the causes of women’s underrepresentation in science. Authors Ceci and Williams present the arguments behind women’s underrepresentation in science, and they address the issue in detail. Their article echoes arguments made in their book The Mathematics of Sex, and I’ll discuss them in this article. In addition, I’ll also discuss how these arguments apply to science in general.
Women’s lack of confidence
There are many causes for women’s lack of self-confidence. Biological differences, centuries of conditioning, and expectations of behavior patterns are all possible causes. Women are less physically strong than men, which may contribute to their low self-esteem. Physical insecurity can lead to a lack of confidence, but it is not always her fault. Listed below are some reasons why women lack confidence. They may be fearful of appearing unattractive or having a chipped nail polish.
Women’s sexism in sports
Two-thirds of elite British female sportspeople have experienced gender-based sexism in their sports, but the vast majority did not feel comfortable reporting it. The BBC Elite British Sportswomen survey found that 41% of respondents had experienced some form of sexism in their sport, but only 10% had reported it. The reasons behind this discrepancy may be rooted in the fact that they were unsure who to report it to, if they were to be believed by their mainly male coaches. Moreover, athletes felt reporting sexism would require too much of a sacrifice for them.